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Explore Nepal Himalayas! Touch Your Big Sky!

Thursday, 23 June 2016

Fact things about Nepal

Geographical Fact About Nepal  

  • Nepal is a landlocked sovereign nation located in South Asia.
  • Nepal is located in the central part of Asia.
  • Nepal’s total area is 1, 47, 181 square kilometers.
  • Nepal occupies 0.03 percent of the total land area of the world.
  • Nepal occupies 0.3 percentage of a total land area of the Asia.
  • Nepal is situated in latitude 260 22′ N to 300 27′ N in the northern hemisphere and of longitude 800 4′ E to 880 12′ E.
  • Bhutan is 32 km far away from Nepal’s border.
  • Bangladesh is 27 km far away from Nepal’s border.
  • Nepal is located between China on the northern border and India in east, west and south border.
  • Nepal’s east-west average length is f 885 km.
  • Nepal’s north-south average width is 193 km.
  • The maximum north-south width of Nepal is 241 km and the minimum north-south width is 145 km.
  • Nepal Standard Time (NST) is the time zone for Nepal. Time in Nepal is Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) of +5:45.
  • The altitude ranges of this South Asian Nepal is from a minimum of 70 meters to a maximum of 8848 meters.
  • Nepal is a landlocked country. The nearest sea access is 644 kilometers (400 miles) to the southeast on the Indian Ocean's Bay of Bengal.

Religious Fact About Nepal  

Nepal is multi religious country in the world so different ethnic groups live with their own way of religious practice, lifestyle, language, culture and tradition with ever peace of harmony in society. 81.3% of the Nepalese population was Hindu
9.0% was Buddhist
4.4% was Muslim
3.0% was Kiratist(indigenous ethnic religion)
1.42% was Christian
0.9% follow other religions or no religion

Facts About the Himalayan Mountains in Nepal

  • Length of Himalaya is in Nepal
One third of the total length of Himalaya is in Nepal. Total length of Himalaya in Nepal is approximately 800 km. The total length of the Himalaya is 2400 km (1500 mi).
Main Reasons to name Mount Everest in the honour of George Everest
  •  Tallest mountains peak Mount Everest in the earth
The mountain region lies in to northern part of the country and the altitude of this region ranges between 4,877 m. to 8,848 metres from the sea level. Himalayas of Nepal is the most concentrated region in the world. The tallest mountains peak in the earth lies in this region. As we, all know that Mount Everest is the tallest summit in the world. Its’ height is 8848m from the sea level. Mount Everest is also known in Nepal as Sagarmatha and in Tibet as Chomolungma. It is located in the Mahalangur section of the Himalayas.
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  • Eight among the top ten tallest mountains in the world
The Himalayan region consists of eight of the world’s highest peaks over 8,000 metres. The mountain region covers about a one third 35 percent of the total land area of the country. Nepal has eight among the top ten tallest mountains in the world. Name list of 8 tallest mountain in the world which are located in Nepal, are as follows:
  1. Mount Everest     8,848 m
  2. Kanchenjunga     8,586 m
  3. Lhotse                 8,516 m
  4. Makalu             8,462 m
  5. Cho Oyu             8,201 m
  6. Dhaulagiri I     8,167 m
  7. Manaslu             8,156 m
  8. Annapurna I     8,091 m
  •  More than 1300 peak higher than 6000 m are in Nepal.
Nepal is rich in terms of its natural beauty and cultural heritage. Himalayas region of Nepal has more than 1300 peak higher than 6000 m.
  •   200 peaks of over 6000 m. are in Everest region only
Nepal is one of the least developed countries in the world. But in perspective of natural beautiness, Himalayas region of Nepal has more than 200 peaks of over 6000 m., in Everest region only.

Facts about Nepal Himalayas 

  • The word 'Himalaya' means the home or abode of snow. 
  • According to Hindu mythology, God Shiva resides in the Himalaya.
  • There are eight peaks with a total of 19 points above 8000 metres in  Nepal. 
  • Fourteen mountains in the Himalaya exceed 8000 metres. 
  • There are 25 points in all which exceed 8000 metres in the Himalaya. 
  • Nameha Barwa peak is the easternmost and Nanga Parbat is the westernmost peak of the Himalaya. 
  • The geological age of the Himalaya is approximately 70 million years. 
  • Himalayan rivers are older than the Himalayan peaks. 
  • Kumbhakarna is the new name of mount Jannu (7,710 m). 
  • Gosainthan (8046 m) is the Nepali name for Shisha Pangma. 
  • Ninety-five percent of earthquakes occur in mountainous regions. 
  • Sir Andrew Waugh, Surveyor General of India wished to honour his predecessor, Sir George Everest. For this, Sir Andrew pretended that there was no local name for Everest and hence named the mountain as Mount Everest though there were two local names of the mountain. e.g. Sagarmatha in Nepal and Chomolungma in Tibet .
  • Sir Andrew Waugh announced the name 'Mount Everest' in 1865. 
  • The ideal height gain per day for mountaineers is 1,000 ft above 10,000 ft. 
  • Mallory described Mount Everest from Rongbuk as, 'a great white fang excrescent on the jawbone of the earth'. 
  • Why do men climb Everest ? Mallory said, "Because it is there." 
  • Sir Edmund Hillary led an expedition to find the Yeti in 1958.
  • According to Dr. George Schaller, the existence of Yeti unknown to science cannot be ruled out at high altitude.
  • Reinhold Messner climbed Everest alone.
  • Tenzing buried his daughter's red and blue pencils on the top of Everest.
  • Approximately 150 people have died in different expeditions of Mount Everest so far. 
  • Tenzing was known as 'Himalayan Club Sherpa No 48'.

Facts about Kathmandu Valley 

Kathmandu is an eye popping, jaw dropping experience, a riot of sights, sounds and smells that can make your senses explode. Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal is bestowed with “City of Glory” fame. It serves as the home of more than half of the population of Nepal. Tourist’s footfall is quite high in this city. Nepal is culturally so diverse that Kathmandu is also known as the living cultural museum of the world! Let’s unveil some interesting facts about Kathmandu.
  • The city of Glory
Kathmandu In earlier times, Kathmandu was known as Kantipur which means the ‘City of Glory’. The rich cultural heritage and diverse religion does indeed make this city the City of Glory.
  • The Legend
In ancient times Kathmandu Valley was actually a huge lake which was surrounded by the Himalayan mountain range. This huge lake was filled with lotuses floating about. And this legend has been scientifically proven by geologists. Amazing! Isn’t it?
  • Naming of Kathmandu
Kathmandu derived its name from the unique temple, Kasthamandap which was built in 1596. This temple is located in Basantapur Durbar Square and is also known as Maru Satal.
  • The original descendants
The Newari community of Nepal is considered as the original inhabitants of the Kathmandu Valley. They are considered as the direct descendant of the ethnic and racial group who had ever resided in the two millennium period in the Kathmandu Valley.
  • Never ruled by Foreigners
While most part of the neighboring countries like India and China was once under foreign rule; Kathmandu had never, ever been ruled by foreigners. No one has ever been able to conquer Kathmandu.
  • Kathmandu Valley … the World Heritage Site
Kathmandu Valley has been given the status of World Heritage Site in 1979 by UNESCO. Before the earthquake of 2015, Kathmandu valley consisted of about 130 significant monuments and pilgrimage sites
  • Greetings
Namaste In Nepal and Kathmandu, people greet one another by touching both their palms and saying Namaste which means ‘I salute the God in you’. But modern girls and boys have nowadays started greeting each other in European style.
  • Kathmandu : The center of fusion
Kathmandu was in the middle of the ancient trade route that connected India and Tibet. This caused a fusion of artists, architecture and traditions in Kathmandu. That’s why there is so much diversity in all aspects in the city of Kathmandu.
  • Kathmandu: The City of celebrities
Kathmandu is covered with heritage monuments and other places of scenic beauty. This is the reason why it is chosen as the back drop of many movies and TV series. So, you can always find some celebrity around the city of Kathmandu.
  • Pashupatinath Temple
Pashupatinath Temple is one of the most famous and sacred Hindu temple located in Kathmandu. This temple is dedicated to Lord Pashupathi (Lord of animals) who is more popularly known as Lord Shiva. One other interesting fact about Pahupatinath Temple is that only Hindu can enter this temple. If you are non- hindu then have to enjoy the happenings from the opposite bank of River Bagmati. Also, after the 2015 earthquake when all nearby structures and monuments were turning into dust, Pashupatinath temple stood with only few cracks in its wall.
  • Durbar Square
Durbar Square is the area opposite the old palaces in Kathmandu. There are three Durbar squares in Kathmandu Valley which are Kathmandu Durbar Square, Bakhatpur Durbar Square and Patan Durbar Square. All these Durbar squares have been given the status of World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. Some parts of Durbar Square were severely damaged in the 2015 earthquake and UNESCO is actively making preparation for its restoration.
  • Ode to Kathmandu
In 1975 Bob Seger wanted to disappear from record business and media. Hence, he wrote a song called Kathmandu where Kathmandu represented a land so far away that no one will be able to find you there.
  • Freak street
Freak Street is a famous street in Kathmandu. This street got its name due to the large number of hippies residing here in the 1960 s and 1970s smoking cannabis and doing drugs.

Facts about Nepal Flag

  • Nepalese Flag Description:
    Nepali Flag 
The flag of Nepal consists of a crimson/red base that is outlined in blue. The top triangle of Nepal's flag has a white emblem of the moon and the bottom triangle has a white emblem of the sun.
  • Nepalese Flag Meaning:
The crimson/red color is a traditional Nepalese color and the blue outlined edge represents the country's peaceful nature. The two triangular portions of the Nepalese flag represent the Himalayan Mountains and the two main religions of the nation - which are Buddhism and Hinduism. The moon and sun originally represented the royal family and the prime minister's family, the Rana family. They also represent the country's desire to live as long as the sun and moon.
  • Nepalese Flag History:
The current Nepalese flag was adopted on December 12, 1962. The individual flags that make up the national flag had been used during the past two centuries and the double flag has been in use since the 19th century.
  • Interesting Nepalese Flag Facts:
The flag of Nepal is the only non-rectangular national flag in the world. It's believed the flag originated in the late 19th century from two triangular flags that were placed one above the other.

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